Recent advances in information and communication technologies have made the development and operation of complex disease surveillance systems technically feasible, and many systems have been proposed to interpret diverse data sources for health-related signals. Implementing these systems for daily use and eciently interpreting their output, however, remains a technical challenge.
Each year, millions of Pakistanis are exposed to, and infected with, deadly pathogens including hepatitis, tuberculosis, malaria, and now dengue fever (DF). Lack of a robust infrastructure for timely collection, reporting, and analysis of dengue epidemic (DE) data undermines epidemic preparedness and poses serious health challenges to the general public in Pakistan. In fact, monitoring of the outbreak and response to any natural or manmade infectious disease (ID) is nonexistent in the country due to insufficient resources, poorly trained staff, and inadequate health policy implementation.